Convert MySQL db character encoding set

Before you begin be sure to take a database dump in case something breaks. Then proceed with changing the character set as follows:

Inspect the current character encoding set

MariaDB [(none)]> SELECT default_character_set_name FROM information_schema.SCHEMATA S WHERE schema_name = "webdbprod";
| default_character_set_name |
| utf8                       |
1 row in set (0.001 sec)

In this session we need to change the type from utf8 to utf8mb4

MariaDB [(none)]> ALTER DATABASE webdbprod CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.001 sec)

You can then verify the changes all the way into the table

MariaDB [(none)]> SELECT CCSA.character_set_name FROM information_schema.`TABLES` T,information_schema.`COLLATION_CHARACTER_SET_APPLICABILITY` CCSA WHERE CCSA.collation_name = T.table_collation AND T.table_schema = "webdbprod" AND T.table_name = "wp_posts";
| character_set_name |
| utf8mb4            |
1 row in set (0.002 sec)

If you run into errors check the WARNINGS, remember to match the COLLATION type with the correct CHARACTER SET

MariaDB [(none)]> SHOW WARNINGS;
| Level | Code | Message                                                              |
| Error | 1253 | COLLATION 'utf8_general_ci' is not valid for CHARACTER SET 'utf8mb4' |
1 row in set (0.000 sec)


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